The cherry tree is also known as the Prunus Avium or the sweet cherry. It is mostly found in the wild as a native tree in many European woods as well as in North Africa and Asia. It is a deciduous tree from the Rosaceae family. It has a reddish brown trunk with its bark breaking into horizontal stripes. The leaves of the cherry tree typically appear after the flowers. They have an oblong or ovate, with a toothed margin. The flowers are about 3 cm wide and gathered in bundles of 2-6 at the end of long stems. The cherry tree typically produces the cherry fruit which is mostly used to prepare wine.
The flowers and fruits of the cherry tree are on demand. The flowers must be picked during the spring, between March and April. The fruits must be collected in autumn when the fruits are fully ripe although some varieties can be collected when not fully ripe. Both the flowers and fruits should be gathered and kept in some air-tight and well-cleaned container.
Medicinal properties of the Cherry tree
- It stimulates urine elimination; therefore, it has a component in it that is useful and stimulates the kidneys to increase micturition.
- It is also used to help treat rheumatic illness.
- It fluidities the blood and improves blood circulation.
- It also makes the heart muscles to contract more powerfully; this is imperative at moments of general weakness.
Edible properties of the cherries.
The fruit of the cherry tree, known as the Cherry is a very convenient food that should be eaten in plenty. This is because it is only found during the spring time. Its richness in fiber makes it paramount and useful as it helps prevent constipation. It is also rich in vitamins and minerals and helps strengthen our bodies. The cherries are also high in potassium. This nutrient is responsible for the control of then heart activity, the good state of the muscles and the nervous system as well as the strengthening of bones.
Types of Cherry Trees
There are several types of Cherry trees; there are those that yield sweet cherries that can be eaten immediately after they are collected and those that yield sour ones. The common cherry tree types are;
- Chelan-it normally has a vigorous habit with fruits which mature earlier than most types and they are usually resistant to cracking.
- Critalin – it has a large and firm fruit with excellent flavor and does not crack easily.
- Early Robin- it is a cherry tree type which matures a week earlier. The fruit is mild in flavor and a heart shape.
- Black Tartarian- it is a bearer of large purple-black, sweet, juicy fruit
Cherry trees mostly start bearing fruits during their fourth year, the dwarf trees normally bear fruits a year earlier than the mature and standard sized tree. It should be planted when the ground is soft, and the soil has a high moisture content and well drained.
Other types of cherry trees are used for beauty in landscaping. Such types as weeping cheery, yoshino cherry, kwanzan cherry, are common varieties that do not produce fruit. With their elegant blooms, all cherry trees are sure to add beauty to any landscape.
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